Monday, June 15, 2015

Construct a Hawaiian Shirt Quilt Block

These instructions are specifically for the Quilting Bee - Seams Like Sisters. The instructions will assume you have zipper bag of cut pieces that include:

2 Sleeves        =  “house” shaped pieces
2 Shirt Fronts  =  2 rectangles 5” by 12” with a small triangle cut off it
2 Collars         =  Looks like . . . a collar
2 Inserts          =  2” by 5” triangles with smallest points cut off
1 Pocket          =  Looks like a pocket!

Sew the Sleeve

Make a French seam on the “underarm” seam of the sleeve by, first, folding the pattern in half, WRONG sides together.

Sew a scant 1/4” seam on both sleeves at the underarm seam.
Please backstitch when you begin and when you end.

Turn the sleeve so the wrong side of the fabric is out, and press a crease at the seam you just made, folding the sleeve in half.


Sew a scant 3/8” French seam on the under arm seam
(you are hiding the raw edges of the seam). Please backstitch as you begin and end.
Turn right side out and press the whole sleeve in half, with the underarm French seam you made at the bottom fold. 
Install the Collar
Place both Shirt Front pieces right side up, with the triangular cut outs at the top, center so it makes a “V” like at the top, front of a shirt.

Place the Collar right side up on the diagonal cut. Place the Collar about 1” from the center. Secure with a pin or two.

Now trim the part of the collar that extends over the top edge of the Shirt Front.

Place the “Insert” WRONG side up oriented like it would complete the triangle cut from the shirt rectangle. (Do this for both the left and right side of the shirt) We are going to make this triangular piece look like the inside of the shirt, so we want the wrong side of the fabric to show.

Fold the triangle over the collar and shirt and pin so you can sew a seam through all three layers:
A. the Shirt Front rectangle, right side up
B. the Collar, right side up and
C. the Insert, right side up.

These should all be lined up along that cut-off triangle on the shirt rectangle. The Triangle will be too big. That’s ok.

Mark where the shirt ends, top and bottom, with a pin so you can take a backstitch at the beginning and the end. (I stitched from the back side..) You may need to remove the pins previously used to hold the collar in place under the triangle. Stitch this seam through all three layers.

From the wrong side, press the seam allowance towards the shirt and press the Collar towards the Insert.

Turn to the right side of the pieces and now press the collar towards the shirt.

Trim the Insert so that the inserted triangle is part of one large rectangle that is one half of the shirt front.

Sew the Front, Middle, Seam
You now have two rectangles, each with a collar piece and an inserted triangle. Place them face to face,  right sides together and secure with pins.

Attempt to make the collar seams match and make a “V”. Also take care to keep the seam allowances directed toward the shirt, not the Insert.

Sew a generous 1/4” seam. Be careful not to sew the collar points into this seam.
Press the seam open

Trim the Square

Trim the entire block to be 8-1/2” by 10-1/2” by trimming carefully as follows:

Trim to 4-1/4” from the center on the left.
Trim to 4-1/4” from the center on the right. 

Trim any dog-ears or random tidbits from the top the block and trim the bottom so that the block is 10-1/2” tall.

 Make the Pocket

Fold the top of the pocket down 1/4” once, and then, 1/4” again. Topstitch across this edge, close to the fold.

Position the tag on the pocket 3/4” from the top of the pocket and centered left to right. Topstitch around the tag. Do not back stitch to start or stop, but pull the top threads through to the back and tie them in a knot with the bobbin threads. Trim the threads – being careful not to cut your knot.

Fold in the raw edges 1/4” all around the other three sides. Press. Topstitch the three sides to the shirt, centering it on the right half of the shirt about one inch below the collar.Do not back stitch to start or stop, but pull the top threads through to the back and tie them in a knot with the bobbin threads. Trim the threads – being careful not to cut your knot.

Install the Borders and the Sleeves

 Position the sleeves near the top of the shirt, one on the right and one on the left in a way that looks appropriate. Be sure to place it around 1/2" below the top of the block.  You will sew these into the seam with the right border and the left border.

Fold the sleeves onto the shirt as you have positioned them, being careful to keep them at least 1/2” from the top of the block.

Take two border strips that are 3-1/2” by 10-1/2” and sew one to the left side and one to the right side, being sure to catch the unfinished side of the sleeves in theses seams. 

Press seam allowances toward the shirt.

Take two more border strips that are 3-1/2” by 14-1/2” and sew one across the top and one across the bottom of the block. Take care with the collar to make it look like a real collar.
Instead of pulling the
collar tightly over the shirt at the seam where it is sewn, make a small pleat, a small wrinkle, to make it look 3 dimensional.  You can sew this into the seam in the top border.

Press seams towards the border.



Monday, June 8, 2015

Cutting 60 Degree Diamonds

I have lots of scraps.

I went through my scraps in the past few months and cut the little pieces into useful pieces.  Along the way I decided to cut 60 Degree Diamonds from my scraps in order to have a hand-piecing project. I plan to use the English Paper Piecing Method to make stars from these Diamonds. 

Well - I also cut out a full quilt's worth of diamonds for one friend and a table runner's worth of diamonds for a couple other friends. 

So, I have recently cut HUNDREDS of diamonds.

And I want to share the method I used to cut 60 degree diamonds.  
The measurements are for paper diamonds that are 2" on each side,
thus the fabric has to be a bit bigger than that.

Cut two strips of your chosen fabric, 2 3/8 " by 10".  
It is pretty important that the left edge be squared off. . . 
Stack the two strips on top of each other.  You will cut two diamonds at a time.

STEP 2.  Find a ruler in your collection that looks like one of these below.  

You can use a Hexagon Ruler

You can use a square Ruler that
has these markings on it

You can use a larger ruler that has diagonal lines like this ruler.

.... Even though the diagonal lines on the large ruler do not go all the way to the corner.
 STEP 3.  Now you need to prepare to cut a little triangle off the left edge of the strip.  Your geometry teacher tried to get you to be intimately familiar with this very special triangle.  It is a 30-60-90 degree Triangle.  When you cut off that little triangle on the left, you are making a 60 degree angle inside the diamond you are cutting.  And THAT is your goal!

Use a Hexagon Ruler

Or one of the other rulers that have a 60 degree diagonal line printed on it
STEP 4.  Cut off that little triangle on the left so your strip looks like this:

 STEP 5.  Now you are going to cut parallel lines with a ruler
                       where you can see how to cut 2 3/8".

The ruler is positioned on the left edge at 2 3/8 ".
Cut on the right edge for your first pair of diamonds.

Cut once, twice, three times, each time 2 3/8" from the left edge of the last cut.

To actually construct the quilt, you will also need 2 inch paper (60 degree) diamonds.
You can buy them already cut. (I see a future tutorial!)
You can make your own.

Quick Summary: 

STEP 1. Cut 2 strips of fabric, 2 3/8" by 10 ".  Stack them on top of each other
STEP 2. Get your ruler ready
STEP 3. Line up your ruler
STEP 4. Cut off that first little triangle
STEP 5. Make 3 cuts parallel to that first cut.

Diamonds are a girl's best friend.